Missa Solemnis, Ludwig van Beethoven
- Scored for soprano, alto, tenor, and bass soloists, large four-voiced choir, and a symphony orchestra augmented by contrabassoon and organ, Beethoven’s is one of the largest-scale settings of the mass ordinary. Each of the five prayers is a continuous movement, albeit with changes of texture and tempo. The solo parts and the choral parts are very demanding, particularly in range, and there is an extended violin solo in the Benedictus. The work requires about 75 minutes to perform. Beethoven began work on the Missa Solemnis in April or May 1819, intending it for the grand installation as Archbishop of Olmütz of his longtime patron Archduke Rudolph of Austria at the Cologne Cathedral. But he did not finish the first version until the end of 1822, long after the installation, and added trombone parts and revised the Kyrie, Credo, and Agnus Dei significantly in 1823. The mass was first performed as a concert piece, in the Kärntnerthor Theater in Vienna on 7 May 1823, and included only the Kyrie, Credo, and Agnus Dei. The first liturgical performance celebrated the 400th anniversary of the University of Freiburg in Breisgau on 4 August 1857. Today it is rarely heard outside the concert hall.Without attempting a revival of the stile antico, Beethoven did make earnest efforts to imbue the Missa Solemnis with some sense of the sacred. One hears these most easily in the enormous fugal sections that conclude both Gloria and Credo, the frequently homorhythmic declamations, and in the a cappella announcement of "Et resurrexit." At the same time he sacrifices none of the complex harmonic relations that fill all his late major works.A recent critical edition has been edited by Norbert Gertsch for G. Henle Verlag (2000).
Historical dictionary of sacred music. Joseph P. Swain. 2006.
Look at other dictionaries:
Ludwig Van Beethoven — « Beethoven » redirige ici. Pour les autres significations, voir Beethoven (homon … Wikipédia en Français
Ludwig van Beethoven — (1770–1827); Idealisiertes Gemälde von Joseph Karl Stieler von 1820 … Deutsch Wikipedia
Ludwig van Beethoven — ( English IPAEng|ˈlʊdvɪg væn ˈbeɪtoʊvən; IPA de|ˈluːtvɪç fan ˈbeːthoːfn, 16 December 1770 [Beethoven was baptized on 17 December; his date of birth usually given as 16 December is not known with certainty, but is inferred from circumstantial… … Wikipedia
Ludwig van Beethoven — Ludwig Van Beethoven † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Ludwig Van Beethoven Born at Bonn, probably on 16 December, 1770; died at Vienna, 26 March, 1827. The date of his birth has never been positively ascertained but is inferred from the fact … Catholic encyclopedia
Ludwig van Beethoven — « Beethoven » redirige ici. Pour les autres significations, voir Beethoven (homonymie). Ludwig van Beethoven … Wikipédia en Français
Ludwig van Beethoven — Ludwig van Beethoven … Wikipedia Español
Ludwig van Beethoven's religious beliefs — The role of religious belief in the work of the celebrated composer Ludwig van Beethoven is a matter of disagreement among scholars. Beethoven was born and raised a Roman Catholic, and he composed many religious works, among them the Mass in C… … Wikipedia
List of compositions by Ludwig van Beethoven — The musical works of Ludwig van Beethoven (1770–1827) are listed below. Two overlapping lists of Beethoven s works are presented here. The first is a listing of his most well known works classified by genre. The second is a larger list of works,… … Wikipedia
Life and work of Ludwig van Beethoven — This is a detailed account of the life and work of Ludwig van Beethoven. For more on this composer, see the main article Ludwig van Beethoven for his family see Van Beethoven Family. Role of Musical Biography It is common for listeners to… … Wikipedia
Liste Des Œuvres De Ludwig Van Beethoven — L œuvre de Ludwig van Beethoven compte près de 500 œuvres achevées. 172 œuvres sont classées parmi 138 numéros d opus. Cette numérotation a été établie par les éditeurs de Beethoven, si bien qu elle suit l ordre de parution et non l ordre de… … Wikipédia en Français